Anemia is one of the most serious health problems around the world. In particular, more than 700 million people worldwide suffer from low blood hemoglobin, which is caused by iron deficiency in daily food intake. The pregnant women and children are among the most vulnerable to anemia Especially in developing countries.
Causes of iron deficiency anemia
Iron deficiency causes include:
Lack of iron-rich foods such as red meat.
Frequent intake of food and beverages that limit the absorption of iron.
Take some medications such as antibiotics and antacids.
Poor appetite and upset gastrointestinal function, such as indigestion, insomnia or ulceration, in addition to chronic constipation.
Recurrent menstrual blood loss in women, tumors and gastrointestinal ulcers, or infections and nasal bleeding.
After making sure that the patient has iron deficiency anemia, you should look for the problem causing anemia, often the reason for the lack of iron-rich foods or excessive intake of absorption obstacles.
To identify the types of foods rich in iron can be divided as follows:
Foods that are very rich in iron include:
Fruits such as apples, pears, dates, grapes, raisins and manga.
Vegetables such as malukhya, spinach, cabbage and watercress.
Legumes such as lentils, beans, peas and chickpeas.
Cereals such as wheat, oats, maize and others.
Foods that help absorb iron include:
Fruits such as guava and citrus (orange, lemon, grapefruit).
Vegetables such as tomatoes, eggplant, carrots and green peppers.
Foods that inhibit iron absorption include:
Some drugs that block iron absorption such as antibiotics and antacids.
Excessive intake of chocolate and foods containing cocoa and coffee.
Drink tea, coffee or cola immediately after eating, so it is advised to reduce the intake and delay to two hours after eating the main meals.