From the beginning of the Roman Empire until the Victorian era, Arsenic had the best titles, the title of King of Poison and the Name of Kings. History has been plagued with numerous assassination attempts by kings and the public alike for personal gain, which were made using arsenic compounds Odor and color, in other words the perfect poison compounds.
Although this element is known as a deadly substance, arsenic carries a special place in the natural world. What do you know about it and does it contain unknown benefits? Read this article to enrich your knowledge about the poison king!
The name arsenic is derived from the Persian word “zarnikh”, which means “yellow”. The word “arsenikon” is also used in the Greek word “arsenikos.” Arsenicum is the Latin word for arsenic.
Arsenic was first known at the beginning of the fourth century BC, when Aristotle was one of the sulphide compounds called Sandarach or Red Lead, but the German chemist and philosopher Albertus Magnus first isolated this element in 1250.
Here are some of its chemical properties:
Atomic number (number of protons in nucleus): 33.
– Symbol (known in periodic table of elements):.
– Atomic weight: 74.92160.
– Intensity: 5.776 grams per cubic centimeter.
– Condition (prevailing at room temperature): Solid.
– Boiling degree: 603 ° C.
– Melting point: 817 ° C.
Arsenic is one of the crystalline minerals found in the earth’s crust.
Even if arsenic is not used to achieve personal interests, it is still dangerous. Deadly amounts may leak into human water, food, or even air, but contamination of drinking water is the most dangerous and dangerous. The risk of arsenic contamination in some areas is very high. Therefore, in 2001, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) reduced the allowable rate of drinking water to the new ratio of 10 parts of the billion instead of 50 part of the billion, with the need to note the high proportion of arsenic in the well water above the rate allowed and determined by the Agency .
As for food, the World Food and Drug Organization has turned its attention to rice because of its high absorption of arsenic compared to other crops. Since rice is an essential element in the diet of many infants and children, FAO monitored its rice in high precision for the safety of children and to ensure that its percentage in infant rice cereal is less than 100 ppm of inorganic arsenic.
Also in the context of the issue, a study in the journal Nutrition Journal suggested that other types of food – such as white wine, beer and Brussels sprouts – are associated with high levels of arsenic, while the Food and Drug Administration is taking similar steps in monitoring apple juice.
Arsenic and Health:
Arsenic poisoning causes all types of health problems. A large dose causes immediate morbidity and death. Long-term exposure to high blood cancer, heartburn and lung disease is associated with heart disease, according to the Food and Drug Administration.
“Drinking from well water (containing arsenic) reduces IQ,” says Professor Stanton, a professor in the Department of Microbiology and Immunology at the Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth College. Many health problems cause congenital anomalies, but the good thing about the subject is the low cost of screening for arsenic in water and the possibility of protecting ourselves from exposure in different ways, including filtration.
Can a toxin be necessary for life?
As evidence increases, the question can be answered with yes. It can not be denied that some toxic substances are a necessary nutrient. Scientists have found that the human body needs arsenic – up to 0.00001 percent – to grow and maintain a nervous system healthy.
As the Swiss philosopher and paranormal scientist Paracelsus said: “All things are poisonous, there is nothing without poison, only the dose is the one who allows the thing to be nontoxic.”
Benefits and uses:
At the beginning of the 20th century, farmers and farmers – including the US government – also believed in the idea of using arsenic as a poison for mice and an insecticide for crops as a very potent toxin, but it took several decades to realize the danger of spraying it on food. Although all arsenic-containing pesticides have been banned since 1980, their effects remain in the soil to date.
In 1786, the British physician Thomas Fowler introduced an arsenic-based tonic and a treatment for all ills known as Fowler’s solution. The latter was commonly used to treat skin problems such as psoriasis. Unfortunately, in terms of the increased risk of cancer, it began to appear in people who used it, especially in areas where the solution was applied. To be phased out between 1930 and 1950.
In 1910, German pharmacist Paul Ehrlich developed an arsenic drug called Salvarsan, also known as Arsphenamine, which was used as a treatment for syphilis. Syphilis was a severe and widespread disease at that time. Effective in the treatment of syphilis until 1940 – the year in which penicillin became available.